Oral Surgery

Extraction of teeth, including half- and impacted by trepanation and osteotomy

Difficult eruption represents the inability of certain teeth to break through in the oral cavity due to their incorrect position in the jaw bones
We call them semi- or impacted. Semiimpated teeth often cause chronic inflammation of the surrounding tissue. Exacerbation of such a process is too manifest as patients experience severe pain and inflammatory oedema develops with purulent exudate. When the tooth is fully impacted (located in the bone) wisdom, canine or premolar may lead to development of pathological cavity – facial cyst, and this leads to another type of complications.
Resolving orthodontic cases also requires the removal of half impacted and impacted teeth

Apical osteotomy

It is used in chronic inflammatory processes around the root apex of a tooth where conservative treatment methods have been exhausted.

Periodontal surgery

Periodontal surgery deals with the treatment of periodontal recessions. They cause unsightly appearance of the smile gingival inflammation, leading to inefficient plaque control and hypersensitivity of exposed areas. Miller in 1988 coined the term periodontal plastic surgery, which aims the correction or removal of anomalies due to the anatomy and development of the alveolar mucosa or her injuries (malocclusion that leads to systematic microtrauma).
So far described, studied and modified many techniques of periodontal plastic surgery aimed at covering the exposed root surfaces .They include: coronary positioned flap, epithelial connective tissue graft inserted connective tissue graft, guided tissue regeneration induced tissue regeneration.
For each surgery you must have appropriate indications to be taken into consideration, possible etiological periodontal treatment, motivation and training of the patient in the methods of oral hygiene and periodontal maintenance therapy.

Before prosthetic surgery

  1. Correction of alveolar crest

Surgical removal of sharp bone edges and shaping optimal prosthetic field of the alveolar ridge of the upper and / or lower jaw.

  1. Deepening the vestibulum

When toothless jaws with pronounced atrophy

  1. Bone augmentation of alveolar crest

To increase the attached gingiva and correction of gingival muco-deformationBone augmentation preceeding implantation

  1. Bone augmentation preceeding implantation
  2. Preprosthetic periodontal surgery

Set of surgical techniques in order to create the appropriate anatomical structures in periodontal development of prosthetic appliances:

Gingivectomy
Flap, moved apically in full or partial thickness or mixed, with or without osteotomy or osteoplasty

Gingival graft associated or not with osteotomy or osteoplastyThis type of surgery necessarily chronologically integrated into the overall plan of prosthetic treatment

Implantology

Restoring the function of dentition by restoring missing teeth in the upper and lower jaw, with the help of dental implants in recent years entered widely in practice and even surpassed the success in conventional methods of dentistry. Placing the implants requires medical specialist to be proficient in surgical technique and knowledge of specific prosthetic protocol for planning the prothetic construction. There are a number of requirements to apply treatment with implants, among which the most important are the availability of sufficient volume and quality composition of the bone, the absence of certain comorbidities. Of particular importance is the attitude of the patient, his willingness to give up bad habits such as smoking and excessive alcohol use, and discipline in maintaining oral hygiene.

Purulent-septic inflammatory processes in the oral cavity (abscesses and phlegmons) and adjacent areas

These are some of the most common inflammatory diseases in dental medicine. Can develop a limited (abscesses) or diffusely infiltrated into the tissues (phlegmons), which are in some cases life threatening.

A major clinical symptom is the appearance of highly painful swelling of the mouth or face, which quickly progresses and leads to redness of the skin to facial asymmetry and violated judicial role nutrition, breathing, speech, fever.

The reasons may be of a different nature (dental infections, sinusitis, inflammation of the salivary glands or lymph nodes, etc.). Treatment is conservative and surgical, as is consistent with the degree of the disease and the general state of the patient.

Treatment of soft tissue injuries in the oral cavity

Cancer in the oral cavity and associated structures and bodies